Sheet Bend

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The sheet bend knot is a simple yet sturdy technique. It is most useful for tying two lengths of rope together, especially when the two ropes are of different thickness.

How to Tie a Sheet Bend Knot

  1. Lay one of the ropes you will be tying down so that it is horizontal and the end you’ll be working with points to the right. If the ropes are different thickness, this should be the thickest rope.
  2. Curve the end of this rope back on itself. The end should now face to the left, and it should form a loop.
  3. Thread the end of the second or thinner rope you will be tying through this loop. Do this by threading the second rope under the right side of the loop. The ends of both of the ropes should be pointing to the left.
  4. Move the end of the second rope over the end of the first rope, then tuck it under both sections of rope that form the loop. The end of the second rope should now be pointing down from under the loop.
  5. Pull the end of the second rope back over the loop and thread it underneath itself, where it originally emerged from the loop. Pull the ends and main sections of both ropes to tighten and strengthen the sheet bend knot.

Sheepshank

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The sheepshank knot is useful when shortening a rope temporarily. This is done without actually cutting the rope. The weakness of this knot is that while it will hold well if the rope is taut, a slack rope will often slip the knot. Therefore it is best used in a situation where constant pressure is being applied to the rope.

How to Tie a Sheepshank Knot

  1. Fold the rope into a reverse S.
  2. Make a loose loop at the end of the top of this S. Make sure that in making this loop the end of the rope passes OVER the rest of the rope, not vice versa.
  3. Pass about an inch of the bottom curve of the S through this loop from the top of the loop. Don’t worry about tightening it.
  4. Make a loose loop with the bottom end of the rope, previously the end of the S.
  5. Again, the end of the rope needs to pass OVER the rest of the rope.
  6. Pass the top curve of the S through this new bottom loop, again entering the loop from the top.
  7. Pull gently on both ends of the rope, which will tighten both of the loose loops. This will grip what had been previously the top and bottom curve of the S more firmly, successfully shortening the rope.
  8. Keep in mind that while the loops will grip well when the ends of the rope are being pulled, these S curves can slip out of the loops if the rope is allowed to go slack.

Rapala Knot

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The Rapala Knot is a useful tool for any fisherman. It allows you to create a strong knot that retains the line’s strength, but still allows freedom of movement to the lure. Since the lure is free from the restraints of the knot, it can move more naturally in the water, attracting more fish.

How to Tie a Rapala Knot

  1. Make an overhand knot about six inches from the end of the line.
  2. Pull the line through the lure or hook, then back around and through the overhand knot.
  3. Wrap the end of the line three times around the main line on the opposite side of the overhand knot as the lure.
  4. Pull the line through the overhand knot again, then back around and through the loop you just created.
  5. Pull the knot tight and trim any excess line.

Congratulations. You have now created a Rapala Knot.

Prusik Knot

The prusik knot, named after the mountaineer Dr. Karl Prusik, is employed by many avid climbers, mountaineers, and other members of related climbing disciplines. It is frequently used in climbing for ascending summits manually. This technique is performed by employing two prusik knots where each is slid directly up a rope in an alternating fashion. The knot tightens when the climber applies pressure with their legs or pulls with their feet, but when pressure is released it loosens, allowing it to be slid up the rope. Before making any attempts to use this method, however, any eager climber should master the techniques of both tying and using the knot in a safe environment.

How to Tie a Prusik Knot

  1. Two ropes are required to tie this knot, and beforehand one rope must be tied into a loop. The rope being used to form the loop should be of a smaller diameter than that of the climbing rope.
  2. Once the loop is prepared, pass it around the climbing rope and through itself approximately three times.
  3. Finish the knot by pulling tightly with the other end of the loop.

Perfection Loop

The perfection loop, also known as the angler’s loop, is one of the few knots that can be effectively tied with bungie cord. While this is one of its exclusive functions, the perfection loop also provides exceptional security. This makes it a great choice for slippery rope or fishing line. However, as a result of its profound tightness, this knot also has a reputation for jamming, which makes it very difficult to untie. For this reason, most applications of the perfection loop should be done without any intentions to untie it.

How to Tie a Perfection Loop

  1. At the end of the rope or fishing line being used, form a loop by passing the end of the line behind the standing line.
  2. Form an additional loop by passing the end of the line around the standing line once again.
  3. Pass the end of the line between the two loops as if to wrap around the standing line again.
  4. Hold the end of the line in position and pass the second loop through the original one.
  5. Pull the knot tight.

Palomar Knot

The Palomar Knot is great for fishing. It is most used by bass fisherman for tying worm hooks and jigs. It works best for braided lines. It is simple, yet strong and one of the most reliable knots used in fishing.

How to Tie a Palomar Knot

  1. Pull the line through the eye about four inches.
  2. Loop back the line through the eye to create a loop.
  3. Tie a single knot using the doubled line.
  4. Pull through almost to tightened.
  5. Loop end of the doubled line from step 4 around the hook back to around the knot.
  6. Pull the entire knot up together and then tighten the knot.
  7. Snip the excess line with a pair of scissors to finish.

Overhand Knot

The Overhand Knot is the simplest knot to tackle. It can be used in fishing, climbing, shoelaces, and making other knots. It can be seen as the backbone to other knots. This is often the first knot that young children learn to tie and it is as easy as 1, 2, 3.

How to Tie an Overhand Knot

  1. First you cross the end of the rope over the top of the remaining rope.
  2. Then you take the end of the rope up over behind the rope.
  3. Last you pull both ends to tighten the rope.
  4. Finally you have your overhand knot!

Noose

A noose knot tightens when pulled on, making it ideal for its most macabre historical purpose – executions. The weight of a human body pulling against the knot would tighten it and suffocate the victim, unless their neck was broken in their initial fall from the gallows. It can also be used for fishing, with the lure left on either a tighter or looser noose depending on how much movement is desired. The number of coils in the knot can vary and affects the ease of both the tightening and the loosening of the knot.

How to Tie a Noose

  1. Create an S shaped with a rope.
  2. Pinch the rope in the middle of the S and wrap the trailing bottom of the S around the pinched area tightly.
  3. Four or five loops around should do it.
  4. Now there should be two loops, one on each side of this looping wrap. Let’s call them loop A and B.
  5. Put the end of the rope you have been wrapping with through the closest loop, loop A.
  6. Then pull on one end of loop B in such a way that loop A tightens and pinches off that end of the rope. At this point the noose will be ready.

Nail Knot

The Nail Knot requires a tool, which can be a nail (hence the name); however a straw is often used. This particular knot is useful in fishing, and is made with two ropes being wrapped around eachother.

How to Tie a Nail Knot

  1. First, place your tool parallel to the end of your other rope.
  2. Then holding each line with your thumb and forefingers wrap the first rope around the nail and the second rope.
  3. Make about six to eight complete turns of wrapping.
  4. Then pass the line through the nail or tube.
  5. After which withdraw the nail and pull the two ends of the lines to tighten it up.
  6. Trim the ends if you desire, and you finally have a finished nail knot!

Monkey’s Fist

The monkey’s fist or the monkey’s paw is a type of knot. It is named so because it looks similar to the animal’s closed fist. The end of the rope which looks like a hand is used as an anchor so it is easier to pitch. The knot is typically wound around a weight such as a small stone, piece of wood, marble and sometimes even folded paper. Newer variations of the monkey’s fist do not use a weight and instead the spare end is tucked into the knot. This makes the end less deadly when pitched.

In the nineteenth century, this type of knot was used by sailors as a weapon called a slungshot which eventually became common with street gang members of that era. In ancient China, the monkey’s fist was used to practice and learn the meteor hammer, a deadly weapon that consists of two weights on a chain. In the past, this type of rope is also employed in rock climbing. The anchor is inserted between cracks, however this is now considered obsolete and dangerous.

Monkey’s fists are also a great way to conceal and transport precious metal and gems. In fishing, they are used at the opposite ends of tow lines. This allows the net to be cast between boats allowing the trawl to be used between the two.

How to Tie a Monkey’s Fist

  1. Make three turns around your hand; preferably around your index, middle and ring finger.
  2. Make three turns perpendicular to the first set of loops.
  3. Make three turns passing through the first loop and three more turns through the second loop.
  4. Tighten the knot around a flexible core such as a ball of yarn. Whip or splice the end of the standing part. Splicing means you are creating a semi-permanent bond through braiding or weaving.