Category Archives: Climbing Knots

Girth Hitch

A girth hitch is also known by several other names such as strap hitch, cow hitch, lark’s head, and lanyard hitch. This knot is used tying a sling to your harness in climbing. It is known that this knot reduces the strength of the sling and is not suggested for attaching two slings together unless the reduction of the strength is not going to impact the use of the slings.


This knot is very simple to use and has been used in history for all sorts of purposes from helping to haul things onto ships to surgical knots. Some other uses besides climbing that this knot is used into today would be large cables that are being hung such as telephone and cable television cables. This knot keeps the cables from becoming damaged while trying to hang them. It is also the same knot used on luggage tags.

Girth Hitch

  1. Take the loop of the strap and place it around the harness rope.
  2. Take the opposite end of the strap through the loop.
  3. Make sure that the strap with the loop lies neatly against the rope.
  4. Then pull to make the knot tight.

Water Knot


The Water Knot is used in place of other knots for many reasons. For example, when you have to tie two pieces of rope or webbing together so that it will holds this knot will work wonders. Many people will use this know where a square knot will not hold up. This knot is easy to tie and has many practical uses including hiking.

How to Tie a Water Knot

  1. Tie a loose overhand knot in the end of one strap.
  2. Thread the end of the other strap in the reverse direction. You want to follow the exact path of the first overhand knot.
  3. Pull this tight and your knot is complete.

Prusik Knot


The prusik knot, named after the mountaineer Dr. Karl Prusik, is employed by many avid climbers, mountaineers, and other members of related climbing disciplines. It is frequently used in climbing for ascending summits manually. This technique is performed by employing two prusik knots where each is slid directly up a rope in an alternating fashion. The knot tightens when the climber applies pressure with their legs or pulls with their feet, but when pressure is released it loosens, allowing it to be slid up the rope. Before making any attempts to use this method, however, any eager climber should master the techniques of both tying and using the knot in a safe environment.

How to Tie a Prusik Knot

  1. Two ropes are required to tie this knot, and beforehand one rope must be tied into a loop. The rope being used to form the loop should be of a smaller diameter than that of the climbing rope.
  2. Once the loop is prepared, pass it around the climbing rope and through itself approximately three times.
  3. Finish the knot by pulling tightly with the other end of the loop.


A bowline is familiar to any Boy Scout because it is required material. It was once very important to sailors and military people, in an age when ropes were an essential part of other technologies. It is still useful in many situations, and it is a special knot with a wide variety of purposes.

The most basic point is that it creates a loop that will not slip. A slip knot such as two half hitches will grip under pressure but still has the ability to slip. A bowline simply does not slip because of the clever way both ends of the string are secure around each other. It is usually tied at the end of the rope to create a secure loop for holding a tarp post.

Tying the knot requires some practice but it is astonishingly simple. The place where the loop will start is twisted into a circle to form a loop. The exact dimensions of the loop must be noted or else the knot will fail. The very end of the line is placed through the loop, going from underneath with the longer part of the rope on top of the loop.

The short end is extended behind the the top line and then wrapped around. It is brought back through the loop to form a knot that will grip itself securely. Nothing is left in a straight line to permit slippage. If the knot was performed incorrectly then it will disintegrate into nothing or else a simple end knot. A little practice will reveal the correct positions.

Ropes are most useful when someone knows all the knots. The bowline has the advantage of being slip-free but also high strength. This means it does not squeeze the rope at any tight angles, which increases breakage under pressure.